Scientific Methods

Monday, May 15, 2006


Images …. Pictures of the mind ….. Pictures of the eyes. Crop circles are but one phenomenon of several kinds that involve eye-catching, nearly perfect geometric forms. How these pictures will be interpreted depend on the human self and the values one has grown up with. If you need to believe in something mysterious the crop circle concept is perfect. I do consider it as a weakness in personality. Just as some people has to believe in God or gods, some need to believe in some kind of mysterious phenomenon that will also hopefully save the world or change the world in future, making it a better place to live on. I’d rather believe in myself than in such a phenomenon! But let us have a look where this whole concept comes from:

The patterns occur mainly in cereal (grain) fields and are being made overnight (1).
Interestingly enough I noticed that it only occur in well developed countries and not in the poorer, under developed countries. This made me wonder whether the aliens making them have such a good knowledge of the economics of the different countries and why are they avoiding the poorer souls. Or are they so intelligent that they only want to communicate with the cream of society?

The fact that the first crop circle made resembles a devil-like creature made me wonder what role Satanist play in this whole saga. It is general knowledge that Satanist draw pictures of Satan-like creatures at places where it will be noticed and I do think that the choice of a grain land is an excellent one if you want to draw attention and also add the mysterious element. The fact that people that visit these crop circles return as changed people according to published information may rather be due to the working of Satan than to Aliens, although if you believe in aliens it is also quite clear that you don’t believe in God and isn’t that in itself already a rigid fundament for Satan to find an opportunity to pursue your soul and mind. With this I do not say that all people that does not believe in God is Satanist, because there are also people that does not believe in any kind of religious force. Wikipedia mention that the farmer on whose farm the first crop circle appeared “swored that he would rather have the devil do the work”. It is utterly important to remember that just as it is wrong to call God by his name unnecessary it is also wrong to call to Satan as a figure as speech. The Bible warns us that Satan is very powerful; therefore one has to watch your tongue because if you are calling Satan he will be available before you have even finished your sentence or thought.

Isn’t it a stated fact from the Bible that Satan especially works in the dark and not in the light and also that Satan is wasting no time but are working as fast as possible to gain as many souls possible for his Kingdom? Yes it may seem impossible for us to think that a complicated crop circle pattern can be created in say fifteen minutes, but for Satan nothing is impossible except to beat God. It is also a general fact that the ancient Egyptians did not believe in God, although they were aware of God’s existence, because after the ten plagues they definitely feared God, but they still did not believe in God. It is also general knowledge that the Egyptians believed in gods and therefore is the drawings of aliens in their ancient graffiti not really something unexpected, because they believed in a variety of gods which may have just as well included alien gods. I mean why not?
Just as the amount of crop circles were growing, Satan’s followers did also grow.

It is also noteworthy to mention the fact that the first crop circles were very simple in structure, but as technology has improved the patterns did also.

Plants are also positive phototropic and will grow therefore towards light and this may provide a possible explanation for the fast growth of the cereal nodes at the outer side of the plant and the slower growth pattern at the inner side of the node. This is exactly where the dark nights come into action, because the fastest reaction of plant growth on a light stimulus will be when it is surrounded by darkness and a light source is directed from only one side. The increase in growth rate can be easily explained if radio-active material was added to the recipe. A small piece of radio-active material can have an immense immediate and after effect on plants and humans for example. Forces are not only mechanical of nature with the result of plant pieces found lying around. Some forces like electromagnetic forces work over a distance and its effects can be just as dramatic. Interaction between magnetic fields and electrical fields may have played a role in the formation of crop circles. And yes what about lasers, especially in the making of the modern crop circles that seems to get more complicated and faster made. As the saying goes: Time is money! I do believe that there is a quite simple rational explanation that will explain its creation and that in due time it will become known to us.

Wikipedia mention also the hypothesis that the bending can be due to the bursting of the nodes due to the heating up of the water in the nodes that will vaporize, therefore increase the pressure etc. BUT my logic tells me that if the temperature did rise so high that water inside the nodes can reach boiling point it will not only be the nodes that will explode but also the internodes, because xylem tissue is continuous and the nodes are not vacuoles acting as storage places for excessive water, but it is the locality where auxiliary buds occur that will develop into side branches therefore the thickening and extra strengthening of the stem. Further more if the temperature increases so much that the water inside the nodes could have reach boiling point, the rest of the cell contents would definitely been destroyed, like the cell organelles. Heat does not choose and it most definitely did not only have an effect on the water content of the plant. Thus any further plant growth in this case would have been impossible, the whole plant would have been damaged and died due to over exposure to heat. I mean boiling point is 100 degrees Celsius! I have never read anywhere that the other plant parts like the phloem tissue, parenchyma, collenchyma, sklerenchyma, etc. are heat resistance. I thus consider this theory as busted.

There are several more theories that involve gods but as I don’t believe in gods I do not consider any of these theories as holding any truth and it is therefore not in my framework to say more about it. Some theories that may give some kind of an explanation is the Whirlwind Vortex and the Plasma Vortex, but I am unfortunately not convinced yet by any of them. I think the solution to the formation of the crop circles must be very simple and direct and it is only a matter of time before it will be solved through serendipity.

1. Wikipedia contributors. Crop circle [Internet]. Wikipedia, The free Encyclopedia; 2006 May 10, 21:18 UCT [Cited 2006 May 11]. Available from:

Elizabeth van der Merwe
Department of Biodiversity and Conservation
University of the Western Cape

My link:



The first time I became aware of or saw crop circles was when the movie Signs featuring Mel Gibson was screened. Initially it was very puzzling because my knowledge about these formations were limited, and now after I read and tried to understand, it has become even more enigmatic.

Crop circles are unexplained phenomena that have baffled people all around the world and many theories endeavor to explicate the event, but no conclusive evidence has been found ( ). Crop circles have a worldwide occurrence and have been found in England, all of North America, Australia and even in South Africa ( ). Crop circles are more prevalent in the southern countryside of England and in the year, 1990 about 700 crop circles were discovered in Britain (Krystek, 2000). These circles are located predominantly in cereal plants such as wheat and cornfields, but are also found in oats, barley and canola ( ).

Cereologist, a word derived from the Roman goddess of vegetation, are people who have decided to study the crop circles and tried to find possible reasons for its appearance (Krystek, 2000). Crop circles are shaped in the most beautiful geometric forms as result of the knocking down or flattening of these crops (Krystek, 2000). They range from about ten feet to a hundred feet in diameter and come in the form of simple circles to meticulously created complex works of art (Krystek, 2000).

Numerous explanations exist for these phenomena, yet none of the proposed theories are conclusive. The formation of the crop circles are however under severe scrutiny after hoaxing has been implicated for the falsification of these circles. But are all the crop circles man-made? The question has had observers and so many others baffled over the years, but some have definitely been made by human hands.

The unresolved theories of the formation of crop circles still linger, and although not physically proven, some suggestions have been made. The first of these include weather effects that professor George Tenence Meaden describes as a "plasma vortex phenomena" and explains it to be like "a spinning mass of air which has accumulated a significant fraction of electrically charged matter."(Krystek, 2000). He explains the similarity of this to a ball of lightning, which is huge and lasts for a lengthy period of time (Krystek, 2000).

UFO's have been implicated for the creation of these complex circles, by the spacecraft landing on the crop fields and imprinting the designs of the UFO's on the crops, wheat, etc (Krystek, 2000). It is assumed by some that the patterns left by the aliens are a means of communicating with humans.

The most plausible explanation, according to many is that these crop circles have been perpetrated by hoaxers (Krystek, 2000) and because many of the crop circles are man made it serves as a good explanation for these immaculate designs. But are humans able to create such marvelous works of art in one night? I doubt it. So much would go into the design and the actual labour associated with these formations, and though it is not impossible that humans are able to create it, time constraints would definitely result in it being done over a minimum of three days, according to my estimation. Crop circles have appeared in a minimum time of about 15 minutes as explained by aircrafts surveying the land. It is impossible that hoaxers could have created such a large design in such a short period.

The formations of "authentic" crop circles results in a bend in the stem of the crop underneath the joints and those produced by the hoaxers create a crack at any location on the stem ( ). It is claimed that the bending is determined by the plant itself and not the degree of force applied. In summer months the crops bend easily and it would not be known whether it is man made or not ( ).

Hoaxed and unnaturally formed crop circles are sometimes indistinguishable from one another and sceptics derive their objectivity from this. Personally, I think that there are some crop circles which are created by forces beyond our understanding. I do not know exactly who is responsible for it, but the electro-magnetic ball seen by many is my best bet at the moment.


Anon. Crop Circle Theories [Internet]. Crystalinks. [cited 2006 May 5] Available from: theories.
Krystek L. Crop Circles from outer space?[Internet]. UNMuseum.[cited 2006 May 5]. Available from:
Wikipedia contributors.Crop circles [Internet]. Wikipedia; the free encyclopedia; 2003 Feb 10, 19:48 UTC [cited 2006 May 5]. Available from: .

Monique Rochelle Maseng
Department of Biodiversity and Conservation Biology
University of the Western Cape
Private Bag X17